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Alfie Kohn

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❶In , Cooper summarized the available research with a sentence that ought to be e-mailed to every parent, teacher, and administrator in the country: Surprising findings from research, by Alfie Kohn ].

What the Research Says

How Much Homework?
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That being said, having homework in some form at least is essential in the Indian system where teacher quality, interest and student per teacher ratio are all often below acceptable norms. There are other intangibles that are crucial. Refrain from posting comments that are obscene, defamatory or inflammatory, and do not indulge in personal attacks, name calling or inciting hatred against any community.

Help us delete comments that do not follow these guidelines by marking them offensive. From around the web 5-yr-old with painful Football-sized belly needs Urgent Help Milaap. Strikes Again - Movie Clip. Jaipur women learn floral art at a workshop. Read Post a comment. Login from existing account Facebook Google Email. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter. All Comments Your Activity. We have sent you a verification email. Studies also suggest that young students who are struggling in school take more time to complete homework assignments simply because these assignments are more difficult for them.

So, how much homework should students do? Many school district policies state that high school students should expect about 30 minutes of homework for each academic course they take a bit more for honors or advanced placement courses.

These recommendations are consistent with the conclusions reached by our analysis. Practice assignments do improve scores on class tests at all grade levels. A little amount of homework may help elementary school students build study habits. Homework for junior high students appears to reach the point of diminishing returns after about 90 minutes a night. For high school students, the positive line continues to climb until between 90 minutes and 2.

Beyond achievement, proponents of homework argue that it can have many other beneficial effects. They claim it can help students develop good study habits so they are ready to grow as their cognitive capacities mature.

It can help students recognize that learning can occur at home as well as at school. It can foster independent learning and responsible character traits. Opponents of homework counter that it can also have negative effects. They argue it can lead to boredom with schoolwork because all activities remain interesting only for so long.

It can deny students access to leisure activities that also teach important life skills. Parents can get too involved in homework—pressuring their child and confusing him or her by using different instructional techniques than the teacher. My feeling is that homework policies should prescribe amounts of homework consistent with the research evidence, but they should also give individual schools and teachers some flexibility to take into account the unique needs and circumstances of their students and families.

In general, teachers should avoid either extreme. Does Homework Improve Academic Achievement? A Synthesis of Research, — In this article, the authors summarize research conducted in the United States since on the effects of homework. Studies are grouped into four research designs.

The authors found that all studies, regardless of type, had design flaws.


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A comprehensive review of academic performance around the world gives bad marks to excessive homework. Teachers in Japan, the Czech Republic and Denmark assign relatively little homework, yet students there score well, researchers said this week.

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Mar 30,  · Piling on the homework doesn't help kids do better in school. In fact, it can lower their test scores. That's the conclusion of a group of Australian researchers, who have taken the aggregate results of several recent studies investigating the relationship between time spent on homework and students' academic performance.

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The homework question is best answered by comparing students assigned homework with students assigned no homework who are similar in other ways. The results of such studies suggest that homework can improve students’ scores on the class tests that come at the end of a topic. According to the study carried out by University of Virginia researchers - one in which they looked at the transcripts and grades of more than 18, Xth grade students - homework doesn't necessarily help children get higher grades, although it may help them get better standardised test scores. On the face of it, the criticism is valid in India as well.

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On the other hand, a study reporting a modest correlation between achievement test scores and the amount of math homework assigned also found that “repetitive exercises” of the type intended to help students practice skills actually “had detrimental effects on learning” (Trautwein et al., p. 41). Principal Harold Pellegreen gave them permission to go ahead — as long as they evaluated the impact by looking at test scores during the year. “The philosophy in second grade is that there is a lot of academic work going on during schools hours,” he said. “Typically, we were giving homework on top of it.